This work is a historical survey of Korean literary tradition during the period of Chinese influence, i.e., from the beginning through the nineteenth century. It covers materials written by Koreans in Classical Chinese (which account for the major part of Korean literary activity during this period), as well as compositions in the Korean language. It has been entitled Soaring Phoenixes and Prancing Dragons after a Sino-Korean expression, Kibongtunggyo, used in praise of literary titans. It is the story of the long and rich heritage of a talented and proud people. By reviewing nearly two thousand years of Korean literary history, this book identifies nine major characteristics of traditional Korean culture and society.